Capital Budgeting versus Market Timing: An Evaluation Using Demographics

  • Published: Jan 11, 2013
  • Pages: 237-270
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-6261.2012.01799.x


Using demand shifts induced by demographics, we evaluate capital budgeting and market timing. Capital budgeting implies that industries anticipating positive demand shifts in the near future should issue more equity to finance greater capacity. To the extent that demand shifts in the distant future are not incorporated into equity prices, market timing implies that industries anticipating positive shifts in the distant future should issue less equity due to undervaluation. The evidence supports both theories: new listings and equity issuance respond positively to demand shifts during the next 5 years and negatively to demand shifts further in the future.

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