A Direct Test of Roll's Conjecture on the Firm Size Effect

  • Author(s): MARC R. REINGANUM
  • Published: Apr 30, 2012
  • Pages: 27-35
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-6261.1982.tb01093.x


Empirical research indicates that small firms earn higher average rates of return than large firms, even after accounting for beta risk. Roll conjectured that the small firm effect might be attributed to improper estimation of security betas. The evidence shows that while the direction of the bias in beta estimation is consistent with Roll's conjecture, the magnitude of the bias appears to be too small to explain the firm size effect.

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