Rights versus Underwritten Offerings: An Asymmetric Information Approach

  • Author(s): ROBERT HEINKEL, EDUARDO S. SCHWARTZ
  • Published: Apr 30, 2012
  • Pages: 1-18
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-6261.1986.tb04488.x

ABSTRACT

By assuming asymmetric information between investors and firms seeking new equity, we derive a rational expectations, partially revealing information equilibrium in which three forms of equity financing are observed. The highest quality firms employ a standby rights offers, intermediate quality firms signal their true value in the choice of a subscription price in an uninsured rights offer, while low‐quality firms remain indistinguishable to investors by making fully underwritten issues. The model offers justification for many firms using apparently more costly underwritten offers, provides a reason why firms using uninsured rights offers do not set arbitrarily low subscription prices to ensure the success of the issue, and explains the simultaneous existence of the three financing vehicles.

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