Positively Weighted Portfolios on the Minimum‐Variance Frontier

  • Author(s): RICHARD C. GREEN
  • Published: Apr 30, 2012
  • Pages: 1051-1068
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-6261.1986.tb02530.x


Duality theory is employed to provide necessary and sufficient conditions for portfolios on the minimum‐variance frontier to have positive investment proportions in all assets. These conditions involve the feasibility of portfolios that have non‐negative correlation with all assets and positive correlation with at least one. Using these results, several “qualitative” results concerning the signs of investment proportions in efficient portfolios are proved. It is argued that the conditions that ensure all‐positive weights in efficient portfolios are intuitively compelling and are not unique to the CAPM. With large numbers of assets, however, the signs of weights in minimum‐variance portfolios can be very sensitive to slight departures from these conditions due to, for example, sampling error.

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