Arbitrage, Continuous Trading, and Margin Requirements

  • Author(s): DAVID C. HEATH, ROBERT A. JARROW
  • Published: Apr 30, 2012
  • Pages: 1129-1142
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-6261.1987.tb04357.x

ABSTRACT

This paper studies the impact that margin requirements have on both the existence of arbitrage opportunities and the valuation of call options. In the context of the Black‐Scholes economy, margin restrictions are shown to exclude continuous‐trading arbitrage opportunities and, with two additional hypotheses, still to allow the Black‐Scholes call model to apply. The Black‐Scholes economy consists of a continuously traded stock with a price process that follows a geometric Brownian motion and a continuously traded bond with a price process that is deterministic.

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