The Temporal Price Relationship between S&P 500 Futures and the S&P 500 Index
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- Author(s): IRA G. KAWALLER, PAUL D. KOCH, TIMOTHY W. KOCH
- Published: Apr 30, 2012
- Pages: 1309-1329
- DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-6261.1987.tb04368.x
This paper empirically examines the intraday price relationship between S&P 500 futures and the S&P 500 index using minute‐to‐minute data. Three‐stage least‐squares regression is used to estimate lead and lag relationships with estimates for expiration days of the S&P 500 futures compared with estimates for days prior to expiration. The results suggest that futures price movements consistently lead index movements by twenty to forty‐five minutes while movements in the index rarely affect futures beyond one minute.