Canada's Dual Class Shares: Further Evidence on the Market Value of Cash Dividends

  • Author(s): WARREN BAILEY
  • Published: Apr 30, 2012
  • Pages: 1143-1160
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-6261.1988.tb03961.x


The Canada Income Tax Act of 1971 permitted Canadian corporations to create two classes of equity, one paying ordinary cash income and the other paying capital gains income. Cash‐paying shares have often sold at a premium. Empirical results indicate that the premium is largely explained by the relative value of the dividends paid and by costs imposed on investors by stock dividend payment and share conversion procedures. Premiums for a few firms also reflect the relative liquidity of the two classes of shares. No evidence exists that investors prefer cash income to equal amounts of capital gains.

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