Value versus Growth: The International Evidence

  • Author(s): Eugene F. Fama, Kenneth R. French
  • Published: Dec 17, 2002
  • Pages: 1975-1999
  • DOI: 10.1111/0022-1082.00080

Value stocks have higher returns than growth stocks in markets around the world. For the period 1975 through 1995, the difference between the average returns on global portfolios of high and low book‐to‐market stocks is 7.68 percent per year, and value stocks outperform growth stocks in twelve of thirteen major markets. An international capital asset pricing model cannot explain the value premium, but a two‐factor model that includes a risk factor for relative distress captures the value premium in international returns.

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