Actual Share Reacquisitions in Open‐Market Repurchase Programs
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- Author(s): Clifford P. Stephens, Michael S. Weisbach
- Published: Dec 17, 2002
- Pages: 313-333
- DOI: 10.1111/0022-1082.115194
Unlike Dutch auction repurchases and tender offers, open‐market repurchase programs do not precommit firms to acquire a specified number of shares. In a sample of 450 programs from 1981 to 1990, firms on average acquire 74 to 82 percent of the shares announced as repurchase targets within three years of the repurchase announcement. We find that share repurchases are negatively related to prior stock price performance, suggesting that firms increase their purchasing depending on its degree of perceived undervaluation. In addition, repurchases are positively related to levels of cash flow, which is consistent with liquidity arguments.