Remuneration, Retention, and Reputation Incentives for Outside Directors

  • Author(s): DAVID YERMACK
  • Published: Nov 27, 2005
  • Pages: 2281-2308
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-6261.2004.00699.x


I study incentives received by outside directors in Fortune 500 firms from compensation, replacement, and the opportunity to obtain other directorships. Previous research has only shown these relations to apply under limited circumstances such as financial distress. Together these incentive mechanisms provide directors with wealth increases of approximately 11 cents per $1,000 rise in firm value. Although smaller than the performance sensitivities of CEOs, outside directors' incentives imply a change in wealth of about $285,000 for a 1 standard deviation (SD) change in typical firm performance. Cross‐sectional patterns of director equity awards conform to agency and financial theories.

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